Separation of powers (English, noun)

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Term or phrase separation of powers
Language English
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Function in sentence or vocabulary noun
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Description of origin, manner, or change of usage The term "trias politica" or "separation of powers" was coined by Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, an 18th century French social and political philosopher. His publication, Spirit of the Laws, is considered one of the great works in the history of political theory and jurisprudence, and it inspired the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Constitution of the United States. Under his model, the political authority of the state is divided into legislative, executive and judicial powers. He asserted that, to most effectively promote liberty, these three powers must be separate and acting independently.
Is the text of the description a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Was the source of the description in print? If so, insert the source here.
Or was the source of the description online? If so, insert the source here. "Separation of Powers: An Overview," National Conference of State Legislatures, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.ncsl.org/research/about-state-legislatures/separation-of-powers-an-overview.aspx
Century CE or BCE of origin, manner, or change of usage 18 CE
Years CE or BCE of relevance
Geographic area France, United States of America
Related languages
Related terms and phrases term, trias politica, separation, power, coin, French, social, political, philosopher, publication, work, history, theory, political theory, jurisprudence, model, state, divide, legislative, executive, judicial, promote, liberty, independent
Related symbols, icons, designs, and works of art
Related individuals Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu
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Related books Spirit of the Laws
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Related constitutions, treaties, conventions, statutes, legislation, judicial decisions, regulations, proclamations, or other sources or enactments of law Declaration of the Rights of Man, Constitution of the United States of America
Related deities or other sources or agents of divine inspiration, authority, or action


Synonym system of checks and balances
Dialects or regional variations
Sources of information in print
Sources of information online "Wex: Separation of Powers," Legal Information Institute, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/separation_of_powers
Translation equivalent trias politica
Language Latin
If an appropriate language is not listed, please suggest one
Dialects or regional variations
Sources of information in print
Sources of information online "Separation of Powers: An Overview," National Conference of State Legislatures, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.ncsl.org/research/about-state-legislatures/separation-of-powers-an-overview.aspx
Definition Separation of powers is a doctrine of constitutional law under which the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) are kept separate. This is also known as the system of checks and balances, because each branch is given certain powers so as to check and balance the other branches.
Dialects or regional variations
Is the text of the definition a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Source of definition online "Wex: Separation of Powers," Legal Information Institute, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/separation_of_powers (links omitted)
Significant terms and phrases separation, power, doctrine, constitutional, law, constitutional law, branch, government, executive, legislative, judicial, separate, system, check, balance, checks and balances
Definition The system of separation of powers divides the tasks of the state into three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. These tasks are assigned to different institutions in such a way that each of them can check the others. As a result, no one institution can become so powerful in a democracy as to destroy this system.
Dialects or regional variations
Is the text of the definition a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Source of definition online "The Separation of Powers: Why Is It Necessary?" Parliament of the Republic of Austria, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.parlament.gv.at/ENGL/PERK/PARL/POL/ParluGewaltenteilung/index.shtml
Significant terms and phrases system, separation, power, divide, task, state, branch, legislative, executive, judicial, assign, institution, check, powerful, democracy, destroy
Definition The doctrine of the separation of powers divides the institutions of government into three branches: legislative, executive and judicial: the legislature makes the laws; the executive puts the laws into operation; and the judiciary interprets the laws. The powers and functions of each are separate and carried out by separate personnel. No single agency is able to exercise complete authority, each being interdependent on the other. Power thus divided should prevent absolutism (as in monarchies or dictatorships where all branches are concentrated in a single authority) or corruption arising from the opportunities that unchecked power offers. The doctrine can be extended to enable the three branches to act as checks and balances on each other. Each branch’s independence helps keep the others from exceeding their power, thus ensuring the rule of law and protecting individual rights.
Dialects or regional variations
Is the text of the definition a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Source of definition online "Separation of Powers," Parliament of New South Wales, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/about/Pages/Separation-of-Powers.aspx (reference omitted)
Significant terms and phrases doctrine, separation, power, divide, institution, government, branch, legislative, executive, judicial, legislature, law, operation, judiciary, interpret, function, separate, carry out, personnel, agency, exercise, authority, interdependent, absolutism, monarchy, dictatorship, monarch, dictator, concentrate, corruption, opportunity, check, unchecked, extend, balance, checks and balances, independence, exceed, ensure, rule of law, individual, right, individual right

Connections to this term or phrase

The following pages have some connection to "separation of powers": Democracy (English, noun).

The following pages include "separation of powers" as a term or phrase: Separation of powers (English, noun), Separation of powers (inglés, sustantivo).

The following pages include "separation of powers" as an antecedent term or phrase: .

The following pages include "separation of powers" as a synonym: .

The following pages include "separation of powers" as an antonym: .

The following pages include "separation of powers" as a homonym: .

The following pages include "separation of powers" as a transcription or transliteration: .

The following pages include "separation of powers" as a translation equivalent: Séparation des pouvoirs (French, noun).

The following pages include "separation of powers" as a cognate: .

The following pages include "separation of powers" as a false friend: .

The following pages include "separation of powers" as a superior category in an ontological or taxonomic relationship: .

The following pages include "separation of powers" as an inferior category in an ontological or taxonomic relationship: .

Spirit of the Laws +
Montesquieu +, Charles-Louis de Secondat +  and Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu +
term +, trias politica +, separation +, power +, coin +, French +, social +, political +, philosopher +, publication +, work +, history +, theory +, political theory +, jurisprudence +, model +, state +, divide +, legislative +, executive +, judicial +, promote +, liberty +, independent +, doctrine +, constitutional +, law +, constitutional law +, branch +, government +, separate +, system +, check +, balance +, checks and balances +, task +, assign +, institution +, powerful +, democracy +, destroy +, legislature +, operation +, judiciary +, interpret +, function +, carry out +, personnel +, agency +, exercise +, authority +, interdependent +, absolutism +, monarchy +, dictatorship +, monarch +, dictator +, concentrate +, corruption +, opportunity +, unchecked +, extend +, independence +, exceed +, ensure +, rule of law +, individual +, right +  and individual right +
Separation of powers is a doctrine of consSeparation of powers is a doctrine of constitutional law under which the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) are kept separate. This is also known as the system of checks and balances, because each branch is given certain powers so as to check and balance the other branches.s to check and balance the other branches. +, The system of separation of powers dividesThe system of separation of powers divides the tasks of the state into three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. These tasks are assigned to different institutions in such a way that each of them can check the others. As a result, no one institution can become so powerful in a democracy as to destroy this system. in a democracy as to destroy this system. +  and The doctrine of the separation of powers dThe doctrine of the separation of powers divides the institutions of government into three branches: legislative, executive and judicial: the legislature makes the laws; the executive puts the laws into operation; and the judiciary interprets the laws. The powers and functions of each are separate and carried out by separate personnel. No single agency is able to exercise complete authority, each being interdependent on the other. Power thus divided should prevent absolutism (as in monarchies or dictatorships where all branches are concentrated in a single authority) or corruption arising from the opportunities that unchecked power offers. The doctrine can be extended to enable the three branches to act as checks and balances on each other. Each branch’s independence helps keep the others from exceeding their power, thus ensuring the rule of law and protecting individual rights.e of law and protecting individual rights. +
The term "trias politica" or "separation The term "trias politica" or "separation of powers" was coined by Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, an 18th century French social and political philosopher. His publication, Spirit of the Laws, is considered one of the great works in the history of political theory and jurisprudence, and it inspired the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Constitution of the United States. Under his model, the political authority of the state is divided into legislative, executive and judicial powers. He asserted that, to most effectively promote liberty, these three powers must be separate and acting independently.must be separate and acting independently. +
France +  and United States of America +
"Separation of Powers: An Overview," National Conference of State Legislatures, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.ncsl.org/research/about-state-legislatures/separation-of-powers-an-overview.aspx +, "Wex: Separation of Powers," Legal Information Institute, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/separation_of_powers +, "Wex: Separation of Powers," Legal Information Institute, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/separation_of_powers (links omitted) +, "The Separation of Powers: Why Is It Necessary?" Parliament of the Republic of Austria, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.parlament.gv.at/ENGL/PERK/PARL/POL/ParluGewaltenteilung/index.shtml +  and "Separation of Powers," Parliament of New South Wales, accessed March 27, 2020, https://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/about/Pages/Separation-of-Powers.aspx (reference omitted) +
system of checks and balances +
separation of powers +